The geographical area of the Cun-boyacense plateau is one of the most important natural and mineral wealth of the country in this area are found systems of mountains, which stored inside trasures of precious stones. Among them are found the Mines Muzo, Peñas Blancas, Chivor Coscuez, and La Pita.
The Historical Emerald Museum highlights the work in the mines, with models, photos, videos and exhibition of tools used there. Visitors can meet the country's mining universe.
- The World of Emeralds
- Why are Colombian Emeralds so prestigious?
- Colombian emeralds are unique
- Where are the emeralds in Colombia?
- How did Emeralds grow?
- How are emeralds mined?
- What is an Emerald Macle?
Just a few countries produce emeralds in the world. Colombians are considered the Top Quality of them.
Colombian Emeralds are colored by Chromium, Vanadium and Iron oxide, which give a bright and rich green second to none.
Colombian Emeralds are the most prestigious around the world and they are used as quality reference for gems elsewhere.
There are more than 200 places at the emerald belt in Boyaca, Colombia. The most important mines are Muzo, Chivor, Coscuez and La Pita.
Emerald crystals grew about 35 to 65 million years ago when temperature, pressure and chemical environment were favorable.
Emerald mining in Colombia is done through tunneling following the white calcite veins with possible emerald crystalls.
Sometimes emerald crystals intergrow within phantom crystals or together to each other. It is called Emerald Macle.
In the mines, we could find the vertical tunnels with 30 story height which are called "clavadas" watch Alfredo, looking for emeralds on one.
Colombian Emerald Mines
Any kind of mining is very difficult due to the conditions in which people have to do their job. EMERALD MINING is even more difficult since up to now there are not any instruments created to discover them, nothing but the experience will help in this process. Contrary to other gemstones like diamonds, sapphires and rubies that are also found in river beds emeralds are found only in their primary origin.